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Welcome to Art and the Holocaust

Art confronts Atrocity. Resilience amidst darkness. This resource is for those teaching and learning about the Holocaust.

We explore the profound intersection of art and the Holocaust and examine the works created by victims, witnesses, and responders during this horrific period in history.

We invite you to:

  • Discover powerful and moving artworks created by victims of the Holocaust.
  • Learn the stories behind the art and the artists.
  • Contemplate the enduring power of art in the face of tragedy.

Embark on a journey of understanding and remembrance.

For an introduction to the art and the Holocaust, read the introductory essay from the learn section.

Malva Schaleck

Malva Schaleck (1882-1944) fled Vienna, leaving all her works behind her into a life of fear. In 1942 she was transported to Terezin where she created many works in secret, depicting scenes of ghetto life.

Cemetery in front of Compiègne Camp, 1941-1942

Compiègne Camp

Nestled south of Paris, the Compiègne Camp was under the control of the German Wehrmacht. The camp held over 54,000 people during its operation between June 1941 and August 1944.

Karl Schwesig

Karl Schwesig (1898–1955) was interned in several camps throughout the war and in each of them he would sketch, often using highly critical caricature.

Wagon Driver Resting on his Wagon in the Lodz Ghetto, Lodz Ghetto 1944

Lodz Ghetto

Jews had developed a rich cultural and educational life in the Lodz ghetto. The community included musicians, artists and writers and two Jewish daily newspapers, one in Polish and one in Yiddish.

Esther Lurie

The artworks of Esther Lurie (1913-1998) were confiscated and she was imprisoned in the Kovno ghetto. There she recorded the ghetto life in drawings and writing.

Cellist, Terezin Ghetto 1944

Terezin Ghetto

The Terezin ghetto inmates included many scholars, artists and writers, who organized intensive cultural activities - orchestras, opera, theatre, light entertainment and satire.

Camps in France

Transit camps and concentration camps in France held Jews, Germans, Austrians, Russians, French, and others designated as "undesirables" by the Nazi occupied and unoccupied Vichy regimes.